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“优质粮食工程”实施3年 助粮食产业高质量发展

“优质粮食工程”实施3年来成绩斐然,不仅提高了粮食产后服务水平,强化质量安全检验监测保障,还支持发展了粮食精深加工,引导绿色优质粮油产品消费。

In the past three years, remarkable achievements have been made in the implementation of the "high-quality grain project". This has not only improved post-grain services, strengthened quality and safety inspection and monitoring, but also supported the development of intensive grain processing, and guided the consumption of green, high-quality grain and oil products.

在兴粮惠农政策的带动下,我国粮食产业逐渐走上高质量发展道路,绿色化、优质化、特色化、品牌化发展趋势显现——

Driven by the policy of promoting grain production and benefiting farmers, China's grain industry has gradually embarked on the road of high-quality development, and the development trend of greening, quality, characteristic and branding has emerged

今年夏粮收购形势喜人。

This summer grain purchase situation is encouraging.

走进大大小小的粮油市场,优质粮油产品品种丰富、琳琅满目。

Into the large and small grain and oil market, high-quality grain and oil products rich variety, dazzling.

“黑龙江大米”“吉林大米”“山西小米”“广西香米”“齐鲁粮油”等一批区域化粮油品牌快速崛起,产品附加值不断提高,绿色优质粮油产品供给增加。

A number of regional grain and oil brands, such as "heilongjiang rice", "jilin rice", "shanxi millet", "guangxi fragrant rice" and "qilu grain and oil", have risen rapidly, increasing their added value and increasing the supply of green and high-quality grain and oil products.

这些成绩的取得,离不开“优质粮食工程”的深入实施。

These achievements are inseparable from the in-depth implementation of the "quality food project".

国家粮食和物资储备局建设规划司司长钱毅介绍,国家粮食和物资储备局启动实施“优质粮食工程”3年来,充分发挥流通反馈激励作用,提高粮食产后服务水平,强化质量安全检验监测保障,支持发展粮食精深加工,引导绿色优质粮油产品消费,促进优粮优产、优购、优储、优加、优销“五优联动”,推动粮食产业实现绿色化、优质化、特色化、品牌化发展。

National food and construction of reserve bureau department chief priests Qian Yi is introduced, the state food and reserve bureau launched "quality grain project" for three years, give full play to the current feedback boost, increasing food postpartum service levels, strengthen quality and safety inspection monitoring security, support the development of food deep processing and guiding green consumption, grain and oil products quality to promote optimal food best production, best buy, optimal reservoir, optimal addition, optimal pin "WuYou linkage", to promote food industry to realize greening, the varieties, characterization, and brand development.

助推产业高质量发展

Promote high-quality industrial development

山东是我国重要的粮食主产区,粮食产业经济保持全国行业领先。

Shandong is an important major grain-producing area in China.

该省以“优质粮食工程”为抓手,推动粮食产业高质量发展。

The province takes the "high-quality grain project" as the starting point to promote the high-quality development of grain industry.

2018年,粮食产业产值突破4000亿元,达到4016亿元,居全国首位;

In 2018, the output value of the grain industry exceeded 400 billion yuan, reaching 401.6 billion yuan, ranking first in China.

粮食加工转化率153%,居主产省第一位;

Grain processing conversion rate of 153%, ranked first in the main production province;

粮食经营量14274万吨,调入调出2000万吨以上,居全国前列。

The grain operation volume is 142.74 million tons, with over 20 million tons transferred in and out, ranking the top in China.

重磅打造的“齐鲁粮油”公共品牌,助力山东好面好油走向全国。

The public brand of "qilu grain and oil" created by the heavy weight helps shandong good flour and oil go nationwide.

“优质粮食工程”受到了地方和企业的高度重视和普遍欢迎,很多省份都把“优质粮食工程”作为加快推进农业供给侧结构性改革的重要平台和大力发展粮食产业经济的有力载体。

The "high-quality grain project" has been highly valued and widely welcomed by local governments and enterprises. Many provinces regard the "high-quality grain project" as an important platform to accelerate the supply-side structural reform of agriculture and a powerful carrier to vigorously develop the grain industry economy.

短短3年时间,实施范围由首批16个省份扩大到31个省份。

In just three years, the scope of implementation has been expanded from the first 16 provinces to 31.

中央财政连续3年投入奖励资金197亿元,撬动社会资本450多亿元参与实施,相继落地了一批兴粮惠农项目。

Over the past three years, the central government has invested 19.7 billion yuan in incentive funds, leveraged more than 45 billion yuan of private capital to participate in the implementation, and launched a number of projects to boost grain production and benefit farmers.

各地统筹谋划、因地制宜,培育壮大一批发展起点高、创新能力强、产业融合好、经济社会效益优、辐射带动范围广的龙头示范企业,支持其增品种、提品质、创品牌,做优做强实体经济,切实提高粮食产业质量效益和竞争力。

We will foster and strengthen a number of leading demonstration enterprises that have a high starting point, strong innovation capacity, good industrial integration, excellent economic and social returns, and a wide range of industries. We will support them in expanding their varieties, improving their quality, and creating brands. We will make the real economy better and stronger, and effectively improve the quality, efficiency, and competitiveness of the grain industry.

2018年全国粮食产业经济实现总产值3.1万亿元,增幅超过6%,粮食产业经济保持了稳中向好势头。

In 2018, the total output value of the grain industry in China reached 3.1 trillion yuan, an increase of more than 6%.

湖南省南县是“优质粮食工程”的直接受益方。

Nanxian county in hunan province is the direct beneficiary of the "high quality food project".

作为一个久负盛名的“鱼米之乡”,南县依托湖乡优势,以“中国好粮油”行动计划示范项目的实施为重点,创新推广稻虾生态种养高产高效模式,加快拓展粮食经济产业链,有力推动了全县粮食产业发展,促进了农民增收和企业增效。

As one of the most famous "land of fish and rice", pingnan county, with the advantages in the reaches, demonstration projects to "China grain and oil" action plan for the implementation of the key, innovation promotion rice shrimp planting and raising mode, high yield and benefit of ecological industrial chain to speed up the development of grain economy, vigorously promote the county food industry development, promote the farmers' income and efficiency of the enterprises.

2018年,全县共发展稻虾种养面积50万亩,年产稻虾米24万吨,稻虾综合产值达100亿元;

In 2018, the county has developed a total area of 500,000 mu of rice and shrimp cultivation, with an annual output of 240,000 tons of rice and shrimp, and a comprehensive output value of 10 billion yuan.

粮食种植优质品率达到65.3%,农民粮食种植收益率提高20.5%,带动近2万人实现了脱贫致富,其稻虾产业的规模和影响力已跻身全国三强。

The yield rate of grain planting increased by 20.5%, bringing nearly 20,000 people out of poverty. The size and influence of the rice and shrimp industry has ranked among the top three in China.

中国农业大学经管学院教授李军认为,大力推动“优质粮食工程”实施,可以充分释放粮食产业经济活力,拓展粮食行业发展空间,增进种粮农民和城乡居民福祉,有效保护国内粮食生产能力,从而更好地发挥流通对生产的引导作用,在更高层次上提高国家粮食安全保障水平。

China agricultural university school of management professor li think, vigorously promote "high quality food engineering", economic vitality, can fully release food industry expand food industry development space, enhance grain farmers and well-being of urban and rural residents, and effectively protect domestic grain production capacity, to better play a role of circulation of production guidance, and at a higher level, improve the level of national food security.

各项“短板”渐渐补齐

Each "short board" gradually completes

我国虽然粮食连年丰收,但是粮食产后社会化服务不健全、绿色优质粮油供给不足、粮食产品低端“大路货”多、高端精品少等问题突出,从田间到餐桌的粮食质量安全保障体系尚未建立,成为制约粮食产业发展的“短板”。

Although China's grain harvest year after year, but post-grain social services are not perfect, green high-quality grain and oil supply is insufficient, low-end grain products "main goods" more, high-end quality products, and other prominent problems, from the field to the table of grain quality security system has not been established, has become a constraint on the development of the grain industry.

“优质粮食工程”包括粮食产后服务体系建设、粮食质检体系建设、“中国好粮油”行动3个子项目。

The "high-quality grain project" includes three sub-projects: the construction of post-grain service system, the construction of grain quality inspection system, and the "China good grain and oil" action.

钱毅认为,三者可以相互依托、相互促进、紧密衔接,共同服务于粮食生产、流通和消费。

Qian yi believes that the three can rely on, promote and closely link up with each other to jointly serve grain production, circulation and consumption.

针对粮食产后管理不科学、损失较大的问题,已开展了“代清理、代干燥、代储存、代加工、代销售”等“五代”服务。

In order to solve the problems of unscientific post-production management and great losses, "generation cleaning, generation drying, generation storage, generation processing and generation selling" services have been carried out.

初步统计,全国共计划建设粮食产后服务中心5000多个,已建设完成1600个左右,黑龙江、广西、山东、甘肃、贵州等几个省份还计划建设农户科学储粮仓约60万套,已建设完成7万多套。

According to preliminary statistics, China plans to build more than 5,000 post-production service centers, and about 1,600 of them have been completed. In heilongjiang, guangxi, shandong, gansu and guizhou provinces, some 600,000 scientific granaries for rural households have been built, and more than 70,000 have been completed.

“通过为农民提供粮食产后服务,可以提升粮食质量,减少粮食产后损失,增强农民议价能力,帮助农民好粮卖好价,带动持续增收致富。”

"By providing post-grain services to farmers, we can improve the quality of grain, reduce post-grain losses, strengthen farmers' bargaining power, help farmers sell good grain at a good price, and increase their income and get rich."

河北柏乡粮库主任尚金锁表示,为了提高粮食产后服务水平,柏乡粮库新购置输送机25台、清理筛14台、移动伸缩装仓机6台、转向装仓机2台,日卸车清理入库能力较之前提高了3000吨,大大减少农民售粮等候时间,提升了卖粮体验。

Said ShangJinSuo, director of the hebei BaiXiang grain, in order to improve the service level, food postpartum BaiXiang new purchase conveyor 25 machines, grain cleaning sieve 14, mobile telescopic binning machine 6, steering binning machine 2 sets, daily unloading clean up the storage capacity are increased before 3000 tons, greatly reduce farmers did waiting time, improve the experience selling bread.

针对粮食质量安全检验监测水平低的“短板”,实施粮食质量安全检验监测体系项目建设,截至2018年底,粮食质检体系建设覆盖到全国31个省区市,全国粮食检验机构达到800多个,粮食质量检验监测能力显著提升。

By the end of 2018, the grain quality inspection system had been established in 31 provinces, autonomous regions and municipalities across the country, and there were more than 800 grain inspection institutions nationwide.

粮食质量监测覆盖面大幅增加,2018年检验样品51.8万个,增加幅度12%,及时处置不合格粮食,防止超标粮食流入口粮市场。

The coverage of grain quality monitoring has been greatly increased. In 2018, 518,000 samples were tested, an increase of 12 percent.

针对优质粮食供给不足的“短板”,实施“中国好粮油”行动计划,将优粮优产、优粮优购、优粮优储、优粮优加、优粮优销“五优联动”贯穿于粮食产业发展全过程,针对“从田间到餐桌”各环节主要问题,促进“产购储加销”顺畅有序衔接,各类主体产品创新力、品牌影响力和市场竞争力不断加强,优质产品明显增加。

For high quality food supply "short board", implement the "good China grain and oil" plan of action, the best food best production, best food best buy, optimal grain storage, grain optimal addition, optimal grain optimal pin "WuYou linkage" throughout the course food industry development, aimed at "from field to table" the main problem of each link, to promote "产购 store and pin" smooth and orderly cohesion, all kinds of main products innovation, continuously strengthen the brand influence and market competitiveness, high quality products.

河南省推行优质小麦规模连片种植,2018年,全省“优质小麦”种植面积达到1200万亩,位居全国第一。

In 2018, the planting area of "high-quality wheat" in henan province reached 12 million mu, ranking first in China.

山西以“山西小米”区域公共品牌创建为引领,突出打好“优质”“特色”两张牌,引领全省特色粮食产业发展,提升品牌美誉度和社会影响力,提高优质粮油的市场覆盖率和占有率。

Led by the establishment of "shanxi millet" regional public brand, shanxi highlights the two brands of "high quality" and "characteristics", leading the development of the province's characteristic grain industry, improving the brand reputation and social influence, and improving the market coverage and share of high-quality grain and oil.

合力推动工程落地

Jointly promote the implementation of the project

展望2020年,要如期实现产粮大县全覆盖、粮食质量安全检验监测体系监测面扩大到60%左右、全国产粮大县的粮食优质品率提高30%左右的粮食产后服务体系建设目标,时间紧任务重。

Looking ahead to 2020, we need to meet the goal of establishing a post-grain service system that covers all major grain-producing counties as scheduled, extends the scope of the grain quality and safety inspection and monitoring system to about 60 percent, and increases the rate of grain quality products in major grain-producing counties by about 30 percent.

钱毅表示,要精心组织实施“优质粮食工程”,形成合力推动落地见效的良好局面。

Qian yi said that the "high-quality grain project" should be carefully organized and implemented to form a good situation of joint efforts to achieve results on the ground.

粮食和储备、财政部门要在各级政府领导下,统筹做好项目规划、组织实施、运行管理和监督考核等工作。

The departments of grain, reserve and finance shall, under the leadership of governments at all levels, make overall plans for projects, organize their implementation, operate, manage, supervise and assess them.

创新“优质粮食工程”实施方法,优化粮食产后服务体系布局与功能,提高粮食质量安全检验监测能力,发挥“中国好粮油”行动示范引领作用,加强粮油品牌建设,增加有效供给,引导科学合理消费。

We will innovate the implementation methods of the "high-quality grain project", optimize the distribution and functions of the post-grain service system, improve the capability of grain quality and safety inspection and monitoring, give play to the demonstration and leading role of the "good grain and oil of China" initiative, strengthen the building of grain and oil brands, increase effective supply, and guide scientific and rational consumption.

要强化创新驱动,实施科教兴粮和人才兴粮,推进产学研深度融合,鼓励企业加强技术改造和产品研发,加大烘干环保、快速检测、精深加工等新技术研发与推广力度,创新经营业态和服务方式。

We will encourage enterprises to strengthen technological transformation and product research and development. We will increase r&d and promotion of new technologies, such as drying, environmental protection, rapid testing, and intensive processing.

贵州省在推动主食产业化的过程中,与面制食品国家地方联合工程研究中心签订战略合作协议,共同推进主食产业化及杂粮资源的研究利用。

In the process of promoting the industrialization of staple food, guizhou province has signed a strategic cooperation agreement with the national and local joint engineering research center of noodle food to jointly promote the industrialization of staple food and research and utilization of coarse grain resources.

加快特色粮油产品研发,支持省食品工程职业学院与兴仁市人民政府联合建立“兴仁市薏米研发中心”,组建“贵州省特色粮油产品研发中心”,深度挖掘特色粮油资源。

Accelerate the research and development of characteristic grain and oil products, support the provincial food engineering vocational college and xingren municipal people's government to jointly establish "xingren coix seed research and development center", and establish "guizhou characteristic grain and oil product research and development center", to deeply explore the resources of characteristic grain and oil.

构建长效机制,把“优质粮食工程”实施列入粮食安全生产责任制考核重要内容,各地要创新完善相关政策举措,着力增品种、提品质、创品牌,更好满足城乡居民对绿色优质粮油产品的消费需求。

We will build a long-term mechanism and include the implementation of the "quality grain project" as an important part of the accountability system for ensuring food security. Local governments should innovate and improve relevant policies and measures, increase the variety, quality and brand of grain and oil products, and better meet the consumption needs of urban and rural residents for green, high-quality grain and oil products.

山东省把“优质粮食工程”列入省委常委会重点工作并纳入乡村振兴战略规划,把粮食安全纳入全省经济社会发展综合考核,省政府扶持粮食产业经济发展意见落地实施。

Shandong province put the "quality food project" into the key work of the provincial party committee and into the rural revitalization strategy planning, put food security into the comprehensive assessment of the province's economic and social development, and implemented the provincial government's opinions on supporting the economic development of the food industry.

(经济日报·中国经济网记者刘慧)

(liu hui, reporter of economic daily and China economic net)


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