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陈清泰:到2020年燃料电池汽车将进入产业化发展

原标题:陈清泰:到2020年燃料电池汽车将进入产业化发展

中国电动汽车百人会理事长陈清泰

9月22日,由中国电动汽车百人会、国际氢能委员会和山东省工业和信息化厅共同主办的“2019氢能产业发展创新峰会”在济南举行。

The 2019 hydrogen energy industry development and innovation summit was held in jinan, capital of east China's shandong province, Sept. 22, 2018.

“目前全球燃料电池汽车已经进入市场化示范阶段,预计2020年前后将进入产业化发展阶段。”

"At present, the global fuel cell vehicle has entered the market demonstration stage and is expected to enter the industrialization development stage around 2020."

主题大会上,中国电动汽车百人会理事长陈清泰指出,从全球范围来看,燃料电池汽车即将进入产业化阶段。

At the theme conference, Chen qingtai, President of the China association of 100 electric vehicles, pointed out that from a global perspective, fuel cell vehicles will soon enter the stage of industrialization.

燃料电池汽车发展可期

Fuel cell vehicle development is expected

美日欧盟等主要国家已经将燃料电池汽车纳入国家和地区发展战略总体进行规划,推动配套设施建设,建立专项进行研发和示范推广,并制订各种政策,力争抢占先机。

The United States, Japan, the European Union and other major countries have incorporated fuel cell vehicles into the overall planning of national and regional development strategies, promoted the construction of supporting facilities, established special research and development, demonstration and promotion, and formulated various policies to seize the opportunity.

比如,日本计划到2020年,普及4万辆燃料电池汽车,建设160座加氢站。

Japan, for example, plans to roll out 40,000 fuel-cell vehicles by 2020 and build 160 refueling stations.

德国则计划在2030年左右普及十万辆车,建立400座加氢站。

Germany plans to roll out 100,000 cars and build 400 refueling stations by 2030.

总体上看,目前全球燃料电池汽车已经进入市场化示范阶段,预计2020年前后将进入产业化发展阶段。

Generally speaking, the global fuel cell vehicle has entered the market demonstration stage and is expected to enter the industrialization development stage around 2020.

我国是全球最大汽车生产基地和销售市场,面对百年来汽车产业最重要的一次革命,在燃料电池上也要搭上这班车,否则将错失走向汽车强国的战略机遇。

China is the world's largest automobile production base and sales market. Facing the most important revolution in the automobile industry in the past 100 years, we should also take the bus on fuel cells, otherwise we will miss the strategic opportunity to become a great power of automobiles.

近几年,我国相关部委积极出台政策,大力支持燃料电池汽车的发展,必须2020年实现5000辆级的、在特定区域公共服务领域的示范应用,建成100座加氢站;

In recent years, relevant ministries and commissions in China have issued policies to vigorously support the development of fuel cell vehicles. By 2020, it is necessary to realize the demonstration application of 5,000 vehicles in the public service field in specific regions and build 100 refueling stations.

2025年实现5万辆规模的应用,建成300座加氢站;

By 2025, 50,000 units will be put into use, and 300 hydrogenation stations will be built.

2030年实现百万辆燃料电池汽车的商业化应用,建设1000座加氢站,上海市已经制订燃料电池发展规划,广东、湖北等纷纷成立氢能和燃料电池汽车产业集群,助推基础设施建设,形成产业集群,开展具有一定规模的示范应用,而特别值得注意的是,我国一些大的能源公司开始启动,他们的进入会带来新的思维,注入强大的技术和资本,形成新的动力。

2030 millions of commercial application of fuel cell car, build 1000 filling stations, fuel cell development plans have been set in Shanghai, guangdong, hubei, etc have set up the hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles industry cluster, boosting infrastructure construction, the formation of industrial clusters, to carry out the demonstration of a certain scale application, specially it is important to note that some of the big energy companies in China to start, they will bring new thinking, a strong technology and capital, and form a new power.

还需要对燃料电池汽车要加强顶层设计和协调。

There is also a need to strengthen top-level design and coordination of fuel cell vehicles.

企业和一些城市对燃料电池汽车有很高的积极性,但它的产业链很长,很多已经超出了传统汽车产业链所覆盖的范围,基础设施不是单凭企业的力量可以建立的,而标准法规的完善和制订,是企业无能为力的。

Enterprises and some cities have high enthusiasm for fuel cell vehicles, but its industrial chain is very long, and many of them have gone beyond the scope covered by the traditional automobile industry chain. The infrastructure cannot be built by enterprises alone, and the improvement and formulation of standard regulations are beyond the power of enterprises.

因此目前需要政府与企业携手制订一个更加可行的整体方案,协调推进。

Therefore, it is necessary for the government and enterprises to work together to formulate a more feasible overall plan and promote it in a coordinated manner.

比如要加强基础设施的规划和建设,加大技术研发的投入,突破一些卡脖子的技术和零部件,着力解决氢能储运的难题,借鉴国际经验,完善法规和标准。

For example, we should strengthen the planning and construction of infrastructure, increase investment in technological research and development, break through some difficult technologies and spare parts, focus on solving the problem of hydrogen energy storage and transportation, learn from international experience, and improve regulations and standards.

储能电池与燃料电池汽车互补发展

Energy storage battery and fuel cell vehicle complementary development

如果我国储能电池电动汽车目前尚未完全站住脚,产业仍在补贴政策转型当中,还面临着很大的挑战,此时又面临燃料电池汽车的竞争。

If China's energy storage battery electric vehicle is not fully established at present, the industry is still in the process of subsidy policy transformation, still facing great challenges, and at this time is facing fuel cell vehicle competition.

陈清泰指出,一些车企面对这两种技术路径非常纠结,不知所措。

Chen qingtai pointed out that some car companies are very tangled in the two technology paths, at a loss.

针对当前的发展态势,有如下几个判断:第一,从中长期来说,这两条技术路线各有优势,是互补的关系,在不同的场景各有优劣,不是简单的替代关系。

In view of the current development trend, there are several judgments as follows: first, in the medium and long term, these two technical routes have their own advantages and complementary relations, and their advantages and disadvantages in different scenarios, rather than simple substitution relations.

第二,这两者从技术成熟度,产业化发展基础设施来看,处在不同阶段,呈T级发展态势,储能电池电动汽车的产业链已趋于成熟,基础设施基本形成,生产成本开始接近市场可接受的程度,总体上进入了大规模产业化发展的阶段,而燃料电池汽车,开始进入示范生产和应用阶段,产业链薄弱环节生产成本比较高,基础设施也在建设,距离大规模产业化发展还有一段距离。

Second, both from the technical maturity, infrastructure, industrialization development in different stages, the T stage development situation, energy storage battery electric vehicle industry chain has been mature, infrastructure is the basic form, the cost of production began to approach the market acceptable level, on the whole has entered the phase of large-scale industrialization, and fuel cell vehicles, begin to enter production and application demonstration phase, the industrial chain weak link in the production cost is higher, infrastructure construction, large-scale industrialization and a distance.

第三,从已知的全球主要国家和主要汽车公司的战略布局来看,2030年之前,乘用车电动发展主体仍然是储能电池汽车,到2030年大公司储能电池汽车平台的产能将会达到百万辆,甚至数百万辆级,而燃料电池汽车则仍为数万,或者是数十万。

Third, from the known to the world's major countries and major automobile company strategic layout, prior to 2030, passenger car development main body is still the energy storage battery electric vehicles, energy storage battery car platform by 2030 big company production capacity will reach millions of vehicles, or even millions of vehicles, and fuel cell car is still for tens of thousands, or hundreds of thousands.

因此要正确引导有效资源的合理配置,实现T级发展,防止顾此失彼。

Therefore, it is necessary to correctly guide the rational allocation of effective resources, realize t-level development, and prevent one from losing the other.

2020年前后,在汽车市场走低、补贴退出、外资大批进入的情况下,中国电动汽车将面临一场严峻的考验。

Around 2020, China's electric vehicles will face a severe test due to the decline of the auto market, the withdrawal of subsidies and the massive influx of foreign investment.

今年上半年,全国新能源汽车企业的产销量没有一个超过年度计划的50%,在企业利润大幅度下降,电池和整车企业正在经受大浪淘沙的情况下,坚守两条技术路线,很多车企已经力不从心,因此对很多汽车企业来说,主要的力量还是要集中在储能电池电动汽车竞争的提高上。

In the first half of this year, the national new energy automobile enterprise production no more than 50% of the annual plan, the enterprise profit, a big drop in battery and the enterprises is undergoing the ebb tide, stick to the two technical routes, many automakers have overwhelmed, so for many automobile enterprises, the main force will focus on the energy storage battery electric vehicle competition enhancement.

近十年,我国新能源汽车取得了举世瞩目的成就,但还没有赢得不可动摇的因素,如何保障我国电动汽车平稳渡过政策转型期,不至产生起了个大早,赶了个晚集的结果,这是对企业的考验,也是对政府的考验。

In recent ten years, China's new energy vehicles have made remarkable achievements, but they have not won the unshakable factors. How to ensure that China's electric vehicles can smoothly go through the policy transition period, without the result of early and late production, which is a test for both enterprises and the government.

要向企业和社会释放一个明确的信号,那就是两条技术路线都属国家战略,两者是互补而不是替代关系。

It should send a clear signal to enterprises and society that both technology routes are national strategies and complementary rather than alternative.

当前,应加大燃料电池及相关技术的研发,为后续的发力打下基础,但产业化的力量,则要聚焦在储能电池技术路线,为迎接即将到来的全面化竞争和挑战,企业和政府要稳住军心,集中精力,增强储能电池车企业的市场竞争力。

At present, should increase the fuel cell and related technology research and development, lay the foundation for the subsequent hair force, but the power of industrialization, the focus will be on the energy storage battery technology route, to welcome the upcoming comprehensive competition and challenge, enterprise and government hold on to then, focus and energy storage battery car enterprise's market competitiveness.

在政府指导下,推动市场力量加强跨境合作。

Strengthen cross-border cooperation by promoting market forces under the guidance of the government.

因为电动车是一个机械产品,但它也是一个电工产品,也是一个电化学产品,也是一个电子产品和互联网产品,其中大多数技术和软硬件已经不是传统车企产业链所覆盖的,需要大跨度进入,共同分享十万亿产值的大蛋糕,从这个意义上来说,未来汽车主业成在跨界,败也在跨界。

For electric cars is a mechanical product, but it is also an electrician products, is also an electrochemical products, and the Internet is an electronic products, most of the technology and software and hardware is not covered with traditional car companies industrial chain, the need for large span to enter, share the big cake 10 trillion output value, in this sense, the future main business into the crossover, and in the crossover.

国内车企已经进入了大浪淘沙重构重组的阶段,政府应鼓励和支持通过重组联合,打造高水平大规模的电动化平台,智能架构平台,迎接全球化竞争的挑战。

Domestic automobile enterprises have entered the stage of restructuring and restructuring. The government should encourage and support the combination of restructuring to build high-level large-scale electric platform and intelligent structure platform to meet the challenges of global competition.

还要巩固和提高共享出行的能力和水平,因为它不仅是未来电动汽车最大的单一买家,而且也是未来竞争的一个焦点。

The ability and level of ride-sharing should also be consolidated and improved, as it is not only the largest single buyer of electric cars of the future, but also a focus of future competition.


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